The difference between apache flink and apache trino

Apache Flink and Apache Trino (formerly known as PrestoSQL) are both distributed processing systems, but they are designed for different types of workloads and use cases in the big data ecosystem. Here’s a breakdown of their primary differences:

Apache Flink

  1. Stream Processing: Flink is primarily known for its stream processing capabilities. It can process unbounded streams of data in real-time with high throughput and low latency. Flink provides stateful stream processing, allowing for complex operations like windowing, joins, and aggregations on streams.
  2. Batch Processing: While Flink is stream-first, it also supports batch processing. Its DataSet API (now part of the unified Batch/Stream API) allows for batch jobs, treating them as a special case of stream processing.
  3. State Management: Flink has advanced state management capabilities, which are crucial for many streaming applications. It can handle large states efficiently and offers features like state snapshots and fault tolerance.
  4. APIs and Libraries: Flink offers a variety of APIs (DataStream API, Table API, SQL API) and libraries (CEP for complex event processing, Gelly for graph processing, etc.) for developing complex data processing applications.
  5. Use Cases: Flink is ideal for real-time analytics, monitoring, and event-driven applications. It’s used in scenarios where low latency and high throughput are critical, and where the application needs to react to data in real-time.

Apache Trino

  1. SQL Query Engine: Trino is a distributed SQL query engine designed for interactive analytic queries against data sources of all sizes ranging from gigabytes to petabytes. It’s not a database but rather a way to query data across various data sources.
  2. OLAP Workloads: Trino is optimized for OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) queries and is capable of handling complex analytical queries against large datasets. It’s designed to perform ad-hoc analysis at scale.
  3. Federation: One of the key features of Trino is its ability to query data from multiple sources seamlessly. This means you can execute queries that join or aggregate data across different databases and storage systems.
  4. Speed: Trino is designed for fast query execution and can provide results in seconds. It achieves this through techniques like in-memory processing, optimized execution plans, and distributed query execution.
  5. Use Cases: Trino is used for interactive analytics, where users need to run complex queries and get results quickly. It’s often used for data exploration, business intelligence, and reporting.


  • Flink is best suited for real-time streaming data processing and applications where timely response and state management are crucial.
  • Trino excels in fast, ad-hoc analysis over large datasets, particularly when the data is spread across different sources.

Choosing between Flink and Trino depends on the specific requirements of the workload, such as the need for real-time processing, the complexity of the queries, the size of the data, and the latency requirements.